Usually, bulges occur at shelve angles or relief angles.
Bulges in masonry veneer can be caused by:
lack of adequate fastening
undersize anchor bolts
an undersize shelf angle
Cracks in masonry veneer can be caused by:
improper jointing details
poor quality or high absorption brick
differential wall movement
base structure shrinkage
excessive building drift
inadequate ties, no ties, rusting
A licensed engineer must evaluate the conditions and determine appropriate remedial action.
An anchor system will not repair bulging or cracked masonry veneer. It may be necessary to remove a portion of the wall. However, the undisturbed masonry should be re-anchored to avoid more shifting of the wall during reconstruction, or to re-anchor a veneer that has shifted beyond its plastic limits.